Sugar Beet Production and Management
Station Sugar Beet Trials
Due to sugar beet's extensive root system, the Malheur Experiment Station has been investigating the use of sugar beets as a soil nitrate "sop up" crop since 1990, helping to reduce nitrogen fertilizer costs to the grower and reduce the risks of groundwater nitrate contamination. We are using sugar beets to recover residual nitrate left in the soil after shallow rooted crops.
Variety trials contain experimental lines to evaluate their adaptation, productivity and quality in this area. In addition commercial varieties are tested to ensure that these commercial varieties are holding up in the field. Sugar beets are evaluated for resistance to mildew, resistance to curly top, beet yield, sucrose content, pulp nitrate, and pulp conductivity.
Examples of some of the common sugar beet varieties grown locally are Emblem, Owyhee, Dillon, Canyon, Oasis, PM9, Sierra, Mustang, PM21, and Cassia.